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这是一个关于中秋节英文介绍PPT课件,详细的用英语介绍了关于中秋节的习俗以及月饼的种类,非常精彩的内容,不容错过!中秋节(Midautumn Festival),又称月夕、秋节、仲秋节、八月节、八月会、追月节、玩月节、拜月节、女儿节或团圆节,是流行于中国众多民族与东亚诸国中的传统文化节日,时在农历八月十五;因其恰值三秋之半,故名,也有些地方将中秋节定在八月十六。中秋节始于唐朝初年,盛行于宋朝,至明清时,已与元旦齐名,成为中国的主要节日之一。受汉族文化的影响,中秋节也是东南亚和东北亚一些国家尤其是生活在当地的华人华侨的传统节日。自2008年起中秋节被列为国家法定节假日。国家非常重视非物质文化遗产的保护,2006年5月20日,该节日经国务院批准列入第一批国家级非物质文化遗产名录。更多内容,欢迎点击下载中秋节英文介绍PPT课件哦。

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The joyous(快乐的) Mid-Autumn Festival was celebrated on the fifteenth day of the eighth moon, around the time of the autumn equinox(秋分). Many referred to it simply as the "Fifteenth of the Eighth Moon".
Origin
         The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional festivity(庆典) for both the Han and minority nationalities(少数民族). The custom of worshipping(崇拜) the moon can be traced back as far as the ancient Xia and Shang Dynasties (2000 B.C.-1066 B.C.). In the Zhou Dynasty (1066 B.C.-221 B.C.), people held ceremonies to greet winter and worship the moon whenever the Mid-Autumn Festival set in. It became very prevalent(流行的) in the Tang Dynasty(618-907 A.D.) that people enjoyed and worshiped the full moon. In the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 A.D.), however, people sent round moon cakes to their relatives as gifts in expression of their best wishes of family reunion. When it became dark, they looked up at the full silver(银白色的) moon or went sightseeing on lakes to celebrate the festival.
Since the Ming (1368-1644 A.D. ) and Qing Dynasties (1644-1911A.D.), the custom of Mid-Autumn Festival celebration became unprecedentedly(前所未有的) popular. Together with the celebration there appeared some special customs in different parts of the country, such as burning incense(熏香), planting Mid-Autumn trees, lighting lanterns on towers and fire dragon dances. However, the custom of playing under the moon is not so popular as it used to be nowadays, but it is not less popular to enjoy the bright silver moon. Whenever the festival sets in, people will look up at the full silver moon, drinking wine to celebrate their happy life or thinking of their relatives and friends far from home, and extending(延伸) all of their best wishes to them.
Moon Cakes
There is this story about the moon cake. during the Yuan Dynasty (A.D. 1280-1368) China  was ruled by the Mongolian(蒙古) people. Leaders from the preceding(先前的) Sung dynasty (A.D. 960-1280) were unhappy at submitting(屈从) to the foreign rule, and set how to coordinate(协调) the rebellion(叛乱) without being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Backed into each moon caked was a message with the outline(要点,轮廓) of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully overthrew(推翻) the government. Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate(纪念) this legend and was called the Moon Cake. For generations, moon cakes have been made with sweet fillings of nuts, mashed red beans, lotus-seed(莲蓬) paste(酱) or Chinese dates, wrapped(包裹) in a pastry(油酥糕点). Sometimes a cooked egg yolk(蛋黄) can be found in the middle of the rich tasting dessert. People compare moon cakes to the plum pudding and fruit cakes which are served in the English holiday seasons. Nowadays, there are hundreds varieties of moon cakes on sale a month before the arrival of Moon Festival.
Different Celebrated Forms
People in different parts of China have different ways to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival. In Guangzhou in South China, a huge lantern show is a big attraction for local citizens. Thousands of differently shaped lanterns are lit, forming a fantastic contrast with the bright moonlight. In East China‘s Zhejiang Province, watching the flood tide(潮汐) of the Qian-tang River during the Mid-Autumn Festival is not only a must for local people, but also an attraction for those from other parts of the country. The ebb(退潮) and flow of tides coincide(同时发生,重合) with the waxing and waning(消长变化) of the moon as it exerts(表现出) a strong gravitational(重力的) pull. In mid autumn, the sun, earth and moon send out strong gravitational forces upon the seas. The south of the Qiantang River is shaped like a bugle(喇叭). So the flood tide which forms at the narrow mouth is particularly impressive. Spectators(观众) crowd on the river bank, watching the roaring(咆哮的) waves. At its peak, the tide rises as high as three and a half meters.
 

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