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莎士比亚简介英语ppt

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Born in Warwickshire The 3rd of 8 kids Married at age 18 Worked as an actor before1590. The home of Mary Arden, (Shakespeare‘s mother) Anne Hathaway's [Shakespeare's wife] cottage The Avon River, near Stratford-upon-Avon. Henley Street, Stratford-upon-Avon The New Globe Theater A respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century. His work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are constantly studied, performed and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world About his works The works of William Shakespeare are a great land mark in the history of world literature. He was the first founders of realism(现实主义),a masterhood at realistic portrayal of human characters and relations. In the expression of art, he inherited three traditions of the dramas of ancient Greece and Rome, medieval Britain and the European Renaissance and developed, innovating creatively from the content to the form. His plays try hard to reflect the true life and explore the inner mysteries, thus can figure out many diverse and complex personalities, vivid characters that represent the typical figure and social life. During the twenty-two years of his literary work he produced 37 plays, two narrative poems and 154 sonnets. His literary work may be divided into three major periods: The first period(1590-1600) The second period(1601-1608) The third period(1609-1612) His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry(复杂性和艺术性) by the end of the sixteenth century. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet(1601), Othello(1604),King Lear(1605), and Macbeth(1605), considered some of the finest works in the English language. poetry 十四行诗(The Sonnets) 爱人的怨诉(A Lover's Complaint) 鲁克丽丝失贞记(The Rape of Lucrece) 维纳斯和阿多尼斯(Venus and Adonis) 热情的朝圣者(The Passionate Pilgrim 凤凰和斑鸠(The Phoenix and the Turtle) Shakespeare Sonnet 12 Then of thy beauty do I question make, That thou among the wastes of time must go, Since sweets and beauties do themselves forsake, And die as fast as they see others grow; And nothing 'gainst Time's scythe can make defence Save breed, to brave him when he takes thee hence. 译本1、辜正坤译 当我数着壁上报时的自鸣钟, 见明媚的白昼坠入狰狞的夜, 当我凝望着紫罗兰老了春容, 青丝的卷发遍洒着皑皑白雪; 当我看见参天的树枝叶尽脱, 它不久前曾荫蔽喘息的牛羊; 夏天的青翠一束一束地就缚, 带着坚挺的白须被舁上殓床; 于是我不禁为你的朱颜焦虑: 终有天你要加入时光的废堆, 既然美和芳菲都把自己抛弃, 眼看着别人生长自己却枯萎; 没什么抵挡得住时光的毒手 , 除了生育,当他来要把你拘走。 译本2、高黎平译 当吾心数钟报时, 看着明昼入噩夜, 当望罗兰春色逝, 乌黑卷发白若雪; 目睹大树落叶纷, 绿荫不复牧人遮; 夏日青苗成束捆, 挺白须芒装灵车。 不禁担忧君终人, 既然媚妍有尽时, 但见蕾绽已萎枯; 时光镰刀不可挡, 除非留后替君扛。 histories 亨利四世,第一卷(Henry IV, part 1) 亨利四世,第二卷(Henry IV, part 2) 亨利五世(Henry V) 亨利六世,第一卷(Henry VI, part 1) 亨利六世,第二卷(Henry VI, part 2) 亨利六世,第三卷(Henry VI, part 3) 亨利八世(Henry VIII) 约翰国王(King John) 理查德二世(Richard II) 理查德三世(Richard III) Comedies 错中错(The Comedy of Errors) 皆大欢喜(All's Well That Ends Well) 如愿(As You Like It) 仲夏夜梦(A Midsummer Night's Dream) 无事生非(Much Ado About Nothing) 一报还一报(Measure for Measure 第十二夜(Twelfth Night or What You Will) 威尼斯商人(The Merchant of Venice) 空爱一场(Love's Labor's Lost) 冬天的故事(The Winter's Tale) Tragedies 罗密欧与朱丽叶 (Romeo and Juliet) 麦克白(Macbeth) 李尔王(King Lear) 哈姆雷特(Hamlet) 奥赛罗(Othello) 考利欧雷诺斯(Coriolanus) 特洛伊勒斯与克芮丝德 (Troilus and Cressida) 雅典的泰蒙(Timon of Athens) 诗 The summit of Shakespeare’s art Hamlet Hamlet Type: Revenge Tragedy, 復仇悲劇 Romantic Tragedy 浪漫悲劇 Time: c. 1200 Locale: Elsinore (艾西諾), Denmark First presented: 1602 Principal Characters in Hamlet Claudius 克劳迪斯 King of Denmark Hamlet 哈姆雷特 Son to the former King and Nephew to the present King Gertrude 乔特鲁德 Queen of Denmark, and Mother of Hamlet Polonius 波洛涅斯 Lord Chamberlain(御前大臣) Laertes 雷欧提斯 Son to Polonius Ophelia 奥菲莉娅 Daughter to Polonius Ghost(King Hamlet)鬼魂 Hamlet's Father Horatio 霍拉旭 Friend to Hamlet Claudius is shrewd精明 and able干练, though not always ethical伦理 or moral道德, Hamlet describes the contest of intelligence and will between them as that of ''mighty opposites'' (V.ii.62). 克劳狄斯形象:集合封建主和暴君的残忍,阴谋家的野心和阴险,封建统治者和资产阶级阴谋家于一身,代表文艺复兴新旧交替时期的所有罪恶。 Gertrude is a negative character in play “Hamlet”.But this article believes that she is a weak but brave feminine character:she lived in a weak social surroundings but she has brave character. Due to the protection for her son,she has devoted her reputation even her personnal life. 关键词:柔弱  勇敢  母亲 Hamlet is a classic example of a tragedy written by William Shakespeare.In every tragedy, the characters must display some. If every action is controlled by a hero's destiny, then the hero's death can't be avoided and in "Hamlet" the sad part is that it could. Hamlet's death could have been avoided many times. He had many opportunities to kill Claudius, but he did not take advantage of them. He is called a vacillating(优柔寡断) man. However, in my opinion, vacillation can never be removed from Hamlet.That is the logical result. It is the sense of worth that makes Hamlet vacillating. Shakespeare took a certain story of Prince Amleth from old sources which can be traced to the 12th century. He, however, was not the first to dramatize Hamlet’s history. In the eighties, a play that bore the same name gained popularity among the English public. Thomas Kyd is supposed to have been the author of this play. The whole tragedy is permeated with the spirit of Shakespeare’s own time. Hamlet is the profoundest expression of his humanism and his criticism of contemporary life. Tragicomedy: Pure forms of tragedy and comedy have rarely appeared in modern drama. Most British and American plays offer some mixture of the two forms. When the patterns and emotions are mixed , the play is called a tragicomedy.

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