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travelling abroad ppt

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选修7  Unit 5 Traveling abroad I. 根据下列各句句意及所给单词的首字母或汉语提示,写出各单词的正确形式。 1. Hearing the news, we b______ the bus immediately and headed for the airport. 2. We entered the hospital _________ (自助食堂) and sat down. 3. Only applicants with proper q_________ will be first considered. 4. He doesn’t care about examinations and never makes p__________ for them. 5. When a member of the football team is injured, a s_________ plays in his place. 6. The products made in the factory did not meet all the r____________ set by the government. 7. The boy’s hands were ______ (麻木的) after an hour outside on such a cold day. 8. I don’t understand why he refused to a__________ that he had been defeated. 9. When I arrived I saw the seats were already o_______ by others. 10. I looked at my father h__________ because I thought he had bought me a present. 11. He had read the articles himself but did not make __________ (评论) on them. 12. I was giving a _______ (讲课) to the first-year students when you telephoned. 13. He said he would ___________ (推荐) me to Professor Wang as his student. 14. One of the ____________ (店主) whose shops were robbed last night called the police. 15. The teacher’s words of love and help __________ (安慰) the boy who had just failed in the examination. 16. Recalling her happy ___________ (学院的) days, the girl could not help smiling. 17. During the summer vocation his parents employed a(n) ______ (家庭教师) to teach him English. [即学即练1](1)He strongly _________________ her ______ our firm for the post. 他极力推荐她到我们公司担任这一职务。 (2)Doctors _______________________________ after supper. 医生建议晚饭后散步。 (3)I _________________ you ____________ her at once. 我建议你马上去看她。 (4)It is recommended that the machine __________________ every year.建议每年把机器检修一次。 2.comfort n.舒适;安慰 vt.安慰 comfort sb.安慰某人 live in comfort生活舒适 a few words of comfort几句安慰的话 It is a comfort to do sth.做……是令人安慰的事 [即学即练2](1)He lives __________________. 他生活极为舒适。 (2)After retirement, he ________________________ reading. 退休后他从读书中得到慰藉。 (3)________________________ to know that she is safe.得知她平安无事,这是一个安慰。 (4)A hot cup of milk on a cold night is __________________.在寒冷的夜晚喝一杯热牛奶真是舒服。 (5)I __________________ Jean after her mother’s death. 琼的妈妈去世后,我尽力安慰她。 3.substitute n. 代替者;代用品 vt. 用……代替 a substitute for ……的代替者;……的代用品 substitute A for B 用A代替B substitute A with/by B 用B代替A substitute for 代替;取代 [即学即练3](1)You can ______________ home-made parts ______ imported parts. =You can ______________ imported parts ____________ home-made parts.你能用国产零件代替进口零件。 (2)Home-made parts can ________________ imported parts. 国产零件能取代进口零件。 (3)Vitamin pills are __________________ healthy eating.维生素片不能替代健康饮食。 4.acknowledge vt. 承认;确认;答谢 acknowledgement n. 承认;感谢 acknowledge doing sth. 承认做了某事 acknowledge sth. as/to be 认为某事…… acknowledge that... 承认…… acknowledge one‘s letter 向某人表示信已收到 in acknowledgement of sth. 对某事表示感谢/承认 It is universally acknowledged that... ……是大家公认的。 [即学即练4](1)He acknowledged ______________________ __.(=He acknowledged that he had made a mistake.) 他承认犯了错误。 (2)It is she who wants to _____________ you ______ her daughter. 她想承认你是她的女儿。 (3)The shipping company ___________________________ of the goods to be shipped. 航运公司表示所运货物已收到。 5.occupy vt. 占用;占领;占据 occupancy n. 占用;使用 occupation n. 侵占;占领;职业 be occupied (in) doing sth. 忙于做某事(in可省略) be occupied with sth. 从事/忙于某事(用法同 busy) occupy oneself with sth./in doing sth. 忙于做某事 under occupation 在占领之下,占领中 [即学即练5](1)The enemy _______________ the town. 敌人占领了这个镇。 (2)Writing _________________ most of my free time. 写作占去了我大部分的空闲时间。 (3)I ______________ myself ______ writing a novel. 我忙于写小说。 6.keep it up 保持优秀成绩;继续干下去 keep a close/careful watch on 密切注意/监视 keep an eye on 留神照看 keep away from (使)避开,不接近 keep back 隐瞒不讲;留在后面,阻止 keep down 限制;镇压 keep in touch with 与……保持联系 keep off 使不接近,使避免 keep on 继续,持续 keep out 挡住,使进不去,不要进来 keep up 保持(不低落);保持良好状态 keep up with 跟上,不落后 [即学即练6](1)____________! Then you will succeed! 坚持!你一定能成功! (2)They sang songs to ________________________. 他们唱歌以保持高昂的情绪。 (3)He ____________ a correspondence ______ Tom. 他和汤姆保持通信联系。 7.fit in 相适合;相融合 fit in with sb./sth. 与……合得来;适应 fit sb./sth. for sth. 使……适合/胜任 be fit to do sth./for sth. 适合做某事 [即学即练7](1)I don‘t think he’ll __________________ the other people.我认为他不会与别人合得来。 (2)His experience ______ him perfectly ______ the job/______ ______ the job. 他的经验使他完全胜任这项工作/适合干这个工作。 (3)Your car _________________ be on the road. 你的车子适合上路。 ①It is the first time that I have come to the Great Wall. 这是我第一次到长城。 ②It was the second time that he had failed in the exam. 这是他第二次考试失败。 ③It will be the first time that he has won the prize. 那将是他第一次获奖。 拓展:(1)the first time “第一次”,名词短语引导时间状语从句。如: He was curious about everything the first time he went abroad.第一次出国他对什么都好奇。 (2)for the first time “第一次”,介词短语在句中做时间状语。如: When I met him for the first time, he was making a speech.我第一次见他时,他正在演讲。 [即境活用1] I thought her nice and honest ______ I saw her. A.first time     B.for the first time C.the first time D.by the first time 2.Besides, as_far_as_he_was_concerned,_what other people thought was not the most important thing.此外,他认为,别人的想法并不是最重要的。 as/so far as sb./sth. is concerned是固定句式,意为“在某人看来,就某人或某事而言”。类似短语还有: so/as far as I can see 依我看来 so/as far as I know 就我所知 as far as the eye can see 就视线所及 as far as it goes 就……而论 as far as 那么远,直到,就……而言 so far=up to now 迄今为止 by far ……得多,最(修饰比较级或最高级) ①As far as I am concerned, this is the most important point.对我来说,这是最重要的一点。 ②As far as money is concerned, she‘s hopeless. 她在金钱方面简直无可救药。 [即境活用2] —Michael was late for Mr Smith's oral class this morning. —How come? ______ I know, he never came late to class. A.As far as B.So far C.By far D.As far 易 错 点 拨 自我完善·误区备考 解析:在表时间的句式It be+time+since从句中出现了时间状语last time,故从句应用一般过去时,排除C、D两项,结合It be+the+序数词+time(that)从句时态特殊要求,可知A项为最佳选项。 2. besides的用法 [应用2] (1)I don’t mind picking up your things from the store. ______, the walk will do me good. A.Sooner or later B.Still C.In time D.Besides 解析:besides副词,意为“况且,再说”。该句意为“我很乐意去商店把你的东西取回来。再说走一走对我自己也有好处”。根据题意,D项正确。 (2)(2007·全国Ⅱ)Some people choose jobs for other reasons ______ money these days. A.for B.except C.besides D.with 解析:考查考生对介词的理解。根据句意“在如今,人们选择工作除了钱还有其他原因”,表示“除了”,只有except与besides有此意。except为排除在外、不包括,而besides为包括在内,故用besides。 3. as far as...的用法 [应用3] (1)______ I can see, there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger. A.As long as B.As far as C.Just as D.Even if 解析:逗号前后并非表示条件、让步关系,也不是用来加强语气。应用as far as I can see来缓和语气,表示“在我看来,只有一种可能脱离危险的办法”。 (2)______ you can do what you like. A.As long as I’m concerned B.As far as I’m concerned C.As far as I’m concerning D.As soon as I’m concerned 解析:本题考查了固定短语的用法。此句可译为:就我而言,你可以做你所喜欢做的。as far as one is concerned是固定短语,也可写成so far as one is concerned,表示“就……而言”。 高 效 作 业 自我测评·技能备考 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Chance usually g_________ the outcome of the game. 2.Can you s___________ for the singer who is ill? 3.Previous teaching experience is a necessary q_______________ for this job. 4.It's great c___________ to the mother to see the children growing happily, especially after her husband died. 5.Most of the bedroom is o___________ by the big bed. 6.Products strongly _______________ (推荐) to customers by salesgirls are not necessarily of good quality. 7.A lot of care and attention is ____________ (需要) in keeping the pets. 8.The theory is generally ____________ (认为) to be true. 9.We eventually arrived at our holiday ___________ (目的地). 10.We need a spirit of ___________(事业心) if we are to achieve something. 2.You may cancel the disk check, but it is strongly recommended that you ______. A.continue B.will continue C.do continue D.must continue 3.______we'll have finished the project by the end of this month. A.Successfully B.Apparently C.Accidently D.Hopefully 4.He acknowledged ______ the book from my bag. A.to steal B.stealing C.steal D.stolen 5.Plastic parts can ______ metal ones in many machines. But they don't last long. A.substitute for B.be replaced with C.take the place for D.in place of 解析:句意:在许多机器中,塑料零件能代替金属零件。但塑料零件不耐用。B项应用 replace; C项用 take the place of;D项 in place of 不做谓语。 6.Mary is ______ a translation of a French novel. A.engaged with B.busy in C.absorbed to D.occupied with 解析:“忙于某事”可用 be occupied with, be engaged in, be busy with。be absorbed in 被……吸引,集中精力干。 7.While the government says there is a(n)______ supply of houses, prices of apartments have been going up these years. A.parallel B.absent C.abundant D.short 8.The country finally gained independence after being ______ by the British for so many years. A.governed B.conquered C.managed D.commanded 解析:根据句意“该国在被英国人统治了许多年后终于获得了独立”可知,应选govern。conquer征服,是瞬间动词;manage管理;command命令。 9.A new building must ______ with the styles of other buildings in this district, which have been here for two hundred years. A.catch up B.come up C.put up D.fit in 10.(2010·湖北联考)How I wish that I could ______ my ideas in simple and wonderful English when chatting on the Internet. A.set out B.set off C.set over D.set up 解析:set out意为“陈述,陈列,出发,开始”符合题意。set off意为“出发,动身”;set over意为“移交,置于……上,指派……管理”;set up意为“建立,竖立,引起”。 11.-How far apart do they live? -______ I know, they live in the same neighbourhood. A.As long as B.As far as C.As well as D.As often as 解析:as far as I know=so far as I know“据我所知”,是一习语。as long as/so long as“只要”,常用来引导条件状语从句;as well as“不仅……而且,既……又,和……一样(好)”;as often as=whenever“每当”。A、C、D三项不合题意。 12.This is the second time I ______ by him; I shall never trust him again. A.was put down B.have been let down C.have been put down D.am let down 解析:It/This is the second time...“这是第二次……”,从句用现在完成时。put down放下,写下;let down使失望。 13.The old farmer has one son and two daughters, ______ are kind to her,______makes her sad. A.neither of them; which B.all of whom; which C.none of them; it D.none of whom; which 14.It is said in Australia there is more land than the government knows ______. A.it what to do with B.what to do it with C.what to do with it D.to do what with it 15.Never ______ so excited because it is the first time that I ______ such a fantastic experience. A.I have been; had B.have I been; have had C.have I been; had had D.I have been; have It was my second day of __1__ and it was raining heavily. I couldn't __2__ the habit I had at home, so I fell asleep right at my __3__. I woke up to find myself not in the classroom but carried on Dad's back. We were __4__ home. It was the last time I felt __5__ to him. After that, he never carried me or hugged me as other fathers did to their children. I was not bothered by this __6__. I was proud of it, for I felt __7__ and “grown up”. However, there were times when I felt depressed by not having sought __8__ from him. One day, I was writing Chinese characters as homework. I hated doing this more than anything. Dad came and stood behind me for a moment, __9__ me scratching(乱涂) the paper. Then he said, “ This kind of writing needs __10__. Your writing is not strong enough. Press harder.” I followed his __11__ for the next two weeks, but __12__ I could see little improvement, I followed my own method—the __13__ way. His advice didn't improve my writing but our __14__. As I grew older, I found out that he had finished his __15__ in Grade 6, which was the highest grade in town then, so he was considered to be a __16__. People used to ask him to write something to put on the walls, but he never felt very useful. He often said to me, “As you can see, this family is going to count on you. We are __17__ to improve you anything for your future. You have to get __18__ to change the life for yourself.” As a result of his __19__, I have __20__ it through high school and through college. 1.A. graduation B. employment C. college D. school 2.A. form B. resist C. follow D. break 3.A. dormitory B. door C. desk D. bed 4.A. at B. already C. beyond D. halfway 5.A. close B. near C. happy D. relaxed 6.A. gap B. thought C. action D. accident 7.A. lonely B. depressed C. independent D. comfortable 8.A. comfort B. help C. support D. explanation 9.A. helping B. directing C. watching D. blaming 10.A. skill B. patience C. time D. practice 11.A. introduction B. manner C. spirit D. advice 12.A. even if B. while C. as D. though 13.A. difficult B. slow C. efficient D. fast 14.A. relationship B. friendship C. thought D. life 15.A. schooling B. life C. hope D. expectation 16.A. writer B. scholar C. scientist D. specialist 17.A. tired B. glad C. useless D. ready 18.A. an education B. a rich boyfriend C. a wellpaid job D. a good writing 19.A. help B. expectations C. examination D. watch 20.A. succeeded B. got C. made D. found 答案及解析: 1. D。由girlhood可知,应为上学(更有可能是小学)的第二天。 2. B。resist抵抗/制,这里意思是:抵抗/制不了在家时的习惯(就睡着了)。 3. C。由上文可知睡了,且在学校(教室),故应为“伏在桌上睡了” 。 4. D。由前句可知,发现自己不在教室,而在爸爸的背上,可知父亲背着她回家,在回家的半路上。 5. A。feel/be close to sb和某人很亲近/密。 6. B。thought想法;gap间距;action行动;accident事故;偶然(的事)。 7. C。由下面的grown up可知应为independent,互相对应。 8. A。seek comfort from sb从某人那儿得到舒适/安慰;support支持;help帮助。 9. C。这里指父亲站在我后面看我乱涂。 10. B。父亲说练书法是需要耐心的,这里是针对我(没有耐心)乱涂一气而说的。 11. D。指上文父亲给我的忠告。 12. C。as表示“由于”。 13. D。指又采用自己的老方法写字(写得很马虎,当然很快的方式)。 14. A。与父亲之间的关系,故用relationship。 15.A。schooling指受的教育。 16. B。scholar学者,有学问的人,这里指父亲被在小镇里的人认为是最有学问的人。 17. C。由下句You have to get...to change the life for yourself可知父亲说:我们是无法/没有什么用的来使你有个好的未来。 18. A。从上下文的意思看,当然父亲要她得到好的教育来使她有好的未来。 19. B。这里指父亲的期待。 20. C。make it设法成功。 Ⅳ.短文改错 June 12,SundayFine Today is Sunday, I didn't get up early as usually. In the 1.___________________ morning after I finished my homework, I do some washing. 2._________________________ Then I telephoned one of my classmate and invited him 3._____________________ to see a film. And unfortunately, when we got to the cinema 4.__________________________ at 3:00 p.m., we found all the tickets had sold out. 5.___________________ Then we went back to school and played the football. 6.______________ After this, when we were about to go home, we saw our 7.___________________ English teacher, Mr. Wang, coming into the school gate. He told us we have made great progress in English this term. 8._________________ He also suggested that we should read more and wrote more. 9.__________________ We promised him that we would listen his advice. 10._________________

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