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屋顶丽人英文版ppt

这是屋顶丽人英文版ppt,包括了Which book is not written by Doris Lessing ?What ways did the three men use to make the naked women notice them?Doris Lessing,Main works,The Golden Notebook,Character analysis等内容,欢迎点击下载。

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A Woman on a Roof 组员:汤陈梦吟 唐红 何其芳 陈晓晶 李雅兰 陈彩 班级:11-1BS班 QUIZ --------汤陈梦吟 1.Which book is not written by Doris Lessing ? A . The Golden Notebook B. The Sweetest Dream C. Through the Tunnel D. The Professor 2.The story of the novel happened in __? A. Paris B. London C. India D. Washington 3. What did the “hot weather” in the novel suggest? A . intense relationship between man and women B. impetuous mood of people C. serious social tension 4. What’s the women’s attitude towards the three men who want to provoke her? A. Ebullient B. Disparaging C. Indifferent D. Elegant 5. What ways did the three men use to make the naked women notice them? A. speaking and singing loudly B. whistle and stomping C. waving their clothes exaggerated 6.Who did lend Harry the blanket? A. his neighbor B. Mrs. Pritchett’s C. Tom’s mother D. His best friend 7.The author expressed her sympathy implicitly to the vulnerable male group.(T/F) 8.When Tom struck up a conversation with the women on the roof, the woman feel happy and made a friend with him. (T/F) 9.What do you think about the naked women?(no more than three words) 10.What have you learnt from the novel? (言之合理即可) 1.Which book is not written by Doris Lessing ? A . The Golden Notebook B. The Sweetest Dream C. Through the Tunnel D. The Professor 2.The story of the novel happened in __? A. Paris B. London C. India D. Washington 3. What did the “hot weather” in the novel suggest? A . intense relationship between man and women B. impetuous mood of people C. serious social tension 4What’s the women’s attitude towards the three men who want to provoke her? A. Ebullient B. Disparaging C. Indifferent D. Elegant 5 What ways did the three men use to make the naked women notice them? A. speaking and singing loudly B. whistle and stomping C. waving their clothes exaggerated 6.Who did lend Harry the blanket? A. his neighbor B. Mrs. Pritchett’s C. Tom’s mother D. His best friend 7.The author expressed her sympathy implicitly to the vulnerable male group(T/F) 8.When Tom struck up a conversation with the women on the roof, the woman feel happy and made friend a with him. (T/F) The introduction of author Plot Character Theme Expansion The introduction of author -------唐红 Family Doris Lessing was born Doris May Tayler in Persia (now Iran) on October 22, 1919. Her father, who had been crippled in World War I, was a clerk in the Imperial Bank of Persia. Her mother had been a nurse. In 1925, lured by the promise of getting rich through maize farming, the family moved to the British colony in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Early life Lessing has described her childhood as an uneven mix of some pleasure and much pain. Her mother, obsessed with raising a proper daughter, enforced a rigid system of rules and hygiene at home, then installed Doris in a convent school, where nuns terrified their charges with stories of hell and damnation. Education Lessing was later sent to an all-girls high school in the capital of Salisbury, from which she soon dropped out. She was thirteen; and it was the end of her formal education. But like other women writers from southern African who did not graduate from high school (such as Olive Schreiner and Nadine Gordimer), Lessing made herself into a self-educated intellectual. Marriage In 1937, Lessing moved to Salisbury to work as a telephone operator, and she soon married her first husband, Frank Wisdom, with whom she had two children, before the marriage ended in 1943.Following her divorce, Lessing was drawn to the Left Book Club, a communist book club, and it was here that she met her second husband, Gottfried Lessing. They were married shortly after she joined the group and had a child together, before the marriage also ended in divorce in 1949. Gottfried Lessing later became the East German ambassador to Uganda, and was murdered in the 1979 rebellion against Idi Amin Dada. writing career During the postwar years, Lessing became increasingly disillusioned with the Communist movement, which she left altogether in 1954. By 1949, Lessing had moved to London with her young son. That year, she also published her first novel, The Grass Is Singing, and began her career as a professional writer. Lessing's fiction is commonly divided into three distinct phases: Communist theme (1944–1956), when she was writing radically on social issues (to which she returned in The Good Terrorist好恐怖分子 (1985)). the Psychological theme (1956–1969). and after that the Sufi theme伊斯兰苏菲派, which was explored in a science fiction setting in the Canopus series老人星系列. The Golden Notebook is the longest and the most ambitious work Doris Lessing has ever attempted to write. It is a masterpiece in portraiture of the manners, aspirations, anxieties and the particular problems of the times in which we live. it is a daring narrative experiment, in which the multiple selves of a contemporary woman are rendered in astonishing depth and detail. Anna Wulf, like Lessing herself, strives for ruthless honesty as she aims to free herself from the chaos, emotional numbness, and hypocrisy afflicting her generation. Awards 1954 Somerset Maugham Award of the Society of Authors for Five: Short Novels. 1971 Shortlisted for the Booker Prize for Briefing for a Descent into Hell. 1976 French Prix Medicis for Foreigners for The Golden Notebook. 1981 Shortlisted for the Booker Prize for The Sirian Experiments. 1982 Austrian State Prize for European Literature. 1982 German Federal Republic Shakespear Prize. 1982 The Sirian Experiments nominated for Australian Science Fiction Achievement Award (Ditmars). 1985 Shortlisted for the Booker Prize for The Good Terrorist. 1985 The W.H. Smith Literary Award and the Mondello Prize in Italy for The Good Terrorist. 1987 The Palmero Prize and the Premio Internazionale Mondello. 1988 The Fifth Child received the Grinzane Cavour Prize in Italy and was nominated for the Los Angeles Times Book Award. 1995 Received Honorary Degree from Harvard University. 1995 Received James Tait Black Prize for best biography for Under My Skin 1995 Under My Skin also received a Los Angeles Times Book Prize 1998 Nominated for the 1997 National Book Critics Circle Award in the biography/autobiography category for Walking in the Shade. 1999 Presented with the XI Annual International Catalunya Award, an award by the government of Catalunya. 1999 Appointed a Companion of Honour by Queen Elizabeth II. 2000 Mara and Dann nominated for the International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award. 2001 Awarded the 2001 Prince of Asturias Prize in Literature, one of Spain's most important distinctions, for her brilliant literary works in defense of freedom and Third World causes. 2001 Received the David Cohen British Literature Prize. 2001 Received Companion of Honour from the Royal Society of Literature. 2005 Shortlisted on the first Man Booker International Prize 多年以前由于有诺贝尔文学奖评委评价莱辛的小说反传统,永远不可能获得诺贝尔奖,所以这次获奖非常出乎她的意料: “我没想到我会获奖,因为他们告诉我,我永远不会得奖。我的意思是,这样你还会惦记获奖么?既然知道我不会得奖了,一年年过去,我也就死心了,而且生活中除了获奖还有更多的事情。”莱辛戏称,“他们可能觉得她太老了,现在就颁奖给她吧,否则她可能会死。” A Woman on a Roof Doris Lessing (1919---2013) 《屋顶丽人》的故事发生在伦敦,一个女人在屋顶上晒日光浴,引起近处三个修房工人的注意。他们想方设法要与她搭讪,但无论吹口哨、跺脚、谩骂,她都置之不理,无动于衷。作品情节简单,寓意却十分深刻。 晒日光浴的女人躺在屋顶上,成为观赏的对象。莱辛通过这一细节揭示了现代社会中女性成为男性凝视物的现象。哈里、斯坦利、汤姆分别处于三个不同的年龄段,使他们在一定程度上成为男性的代表。他们看女人的目光反映出男性统治社会中男人对女人典型的态度和偏见。 Harry, who is married and has a son about Tom's age, is 45 years old, tolerant and practical-minded. Stanley has recently married and is both shocked and attracted by the woman's nakedness. Tom is 17 years old, shy, and impressionable. Plots First day Woman: white, flushing red, glistening with oil Stanley: newly married (three months) , sounding annoyed, let out a wolf whistle, jest Harry: the oldest, 45 years old ‘small minds amuse small minds’, smiled tolerantly Tom: 17 exciting and grinning, snicker Second day Woman: little red pants, turned brown, startled, indifference, lying—sat smoking, reading a book, cool & remote Stanley: whistle & yell , angry, furious, hard & really angry face, want to report her to the police Harry: whistle & yell, making fun of younger men, angry, furious Tom: whistle & yell , angry, the woman---a poster, or magazine cover, his imagination, furious, apologetic grin, romantic, love the woman, Third day Woman: not there, at midday, appearing and being hidden from them Stanley: not whistle; he said nothing, but watched the woman bend to collect papers, books, cigarettes, then fold the blanket over her arm. Harry: facetiously Tom: he knew from his nightly dreams of her that she was kind and friendly. Fourth day Woman: not there, either on her usual patch of roof or where she had been yesterday They did not mention the woman. Tom: felt alone again. He felt she had betrayed him by not being there. Fifth day Woman: gravely, hidden from them Stanley: tugging at guttering and swearing Tom: pleased, He felt she was more his when the other men couldn’t see her. Sixth day Woman: ease, then weary with anger Stanley: whistle, yell & scream at the woman, his scarlet face, checks mottled, eyes glaring, Harry: disapproving, aggrieved Tom: went to the woman’s house and talked to her, being refused to be acquaint with the woman Seventh day He looked at the wet grey and thought, vicious: Well, that’s fixed you, hasn’t it now? That’s fixed you good and proper. The three men were at work early on the cool leads, surrounded by damp drizzling roofs where no one came to sun themselves, black roofs, slimy with rain. Because it was cool now, they would finish the job that day, if they hurried. 《屋顶丽人》涉及的不单单是性别之间的冲突。屋顶上的女人是有闲阶级,烈日炎炎,正好享受阳光,而三个工人却必须冒着高温酷暑干活。工人干活的楼顶与女人晒日光浴的楼顶属于不同的“系统”,20英尺的间距象征着英国社会阶级的差别。莱辛在作品中特别强调了工人们恶劣的工作条件。汤姆遭到晒日光浴女人的拒绝后,从充满浪漫色彩的艳梦中醒过来,看到了自己在社会中的可怜地位,不免义愤填膺。 小说结尾时,持续一个星期的高温天气结束,但是英国社会中性别、阶级之间的紧张、敌对和冲突并未消失,依然存在。莱辛以写实的手法描绘了现代社会中人与人之间的复杂关系,赋予作品社会批评意义。 Character analysis 师范一班 陈晓晶 The main characters in the text The woman and three workmen By selecting three men with varying life roles, a youngster, a newlywed, and a family man, Lessing illustrates both a range of attitudes toward women and sex and how the progressive stages in life shape the men's views. Reality shatters Tom's naivete , while the erosion of his assumed dominance shocks Stanley. For Harry the incident on the roof is a catalyzing experience. He shifts from offering his companions reasonable observations to taking a paternal-like charge over them. Decisively and forcefully he prevents their encounter with the woman from escalating into a crisis. Themes ——李雅兰 male chauvinism ( Men’s Desire to Control ) feminism class contrast gender barriers The three men tried any method to draw woman’s attention, but woman responded indifferently and coolly. That made angry and anguish. By ignoring them, they feel their male pride is harmed. There are four kind women around a man: wife, lover, mother and daughter. Those women all belong to “eternal women”. In his all life, he has an urge to take the ruling role over four kind women. To his wife, he is the heaven, the God; to the lover, he is a rod for vine; to his mother, he is a son and reliance; to the daughter, he is the high mountain.. There is a cluster of dialogue from texture to visualize the abstract saying To the roof woman At first sight, “she’s stark naked”, Stanley said annoyed and whistled. “Bitch!” “If she was my wife.” “ I bet her old man has put his feet down”. After he suffered Waterloo from the roof woman. To his wife “What about your missus?”---Harry “What about my missus?”----Stanley, preserving his independence. “Christ,” said Stanley virtuously, “if my wife lay about like that, for everyone to see, I’d soon stop her.” “Not a chance, not on our roof.” the soft of his wife made Stanley insist firmly. To Mrs. Pritchett, he teased lady in badinage. At the time of the setting of ‘a woman on a roof ’, London at the time had not yet experienced the sexual revolution, issues of female sexuality and feminism were not much discussed in public and the order of the day was morality and patriarchy. Women had not much control and social norms determined much of their roles. At this time, women were starting to seek power through both accommodation and resistance of mainstream norms associated with female sexuality. 沉默——别样的反抗 All three men share the desire to get this woman’s attention. Working on a rooftop of a block of flats in the hot, hot, sun, these men seek a diversion from the relentless heat. They whistle, yell, and wave at a near naked woman on a rooftop nearby, but the woman pays no mind to them. The text is not just about the conflict between both genders, but the war of class differences concerned we can learn from it. The heroine sunbathing and the heroes of three work men in different ages share the same hot sun but live the totally distinguished life. And the people in lower status also show their desires in spite of the prejudice from the upper class. (We can learned from that the three men tried their ways to gain the woman’ attention who was in higher class than them.) The woman lay on a blanket and enjoyed sun The three men worked on roof where the heat quivering Para2 ‘There was a fine view across several acres of roof …Then they saw her,between chimney,about fifty yards away’ “Leftover ladies” , or Shengnv in Chinese, has become a buzzword in the Chinese language. They are well-educated, well-paid and independent. They are also referred to as “3S women:” single, seventies (most were born in the 80s) and stuck. Class and gender barriers are evident in the way the woman and the workers act (or fail to interact). The woman ignores their comments and cat-calls. She feels objectified; the men feel rejected. Class-wise, the woman has the money and leisure to relax on the rooftop. The men, however, must work at their manual jobs.   Gender Relationship Man (staring) Mature man Young man 福柯的权力理论 “一个人如果长期生活在他人注视的目光中将会逐渐顺从他人监管的要求,接受他们所制定的规则并将其逐渐内化为自己的行为准则” 第三部 神话 第09章 梦想、恐怖与偶像崇拜 第10章 五位作家笔下的女人神话 第11章 神话与现实 “如果说女人是世俗的、平庸的、基本上是功利主义的,那是因为她被迫把自己的生存奉献给做饭和洗尿布——她无法取得一种崇高感!承担单调重复的生活,处在无知觉的实在性之中,这是她的义务。自然女人要重复,要永无创新地重新开始,要觉得时间仿佛是漫无目的地转来转去。她忙忙碌碌却永远没有做成什么,所以她认同于她既有的物。这种对物的依附性是男人让她保持的那种依附性的结果,它也解释了她的吝啬和贪婪。 她的生活没有目的:她的心全用于生育或料理诸如食物、衣服和住所等只不过是一种手段的物上面。 这些物是动物生活与自由生存之间的次要中介。和次要手段惟一有关的价值是实用性,主妇就是生活在这种实用性的层面上,她没有奢望自己并不仅仅是一个对家人有用的人。但是,任何生存者都不可能满足于次要角色,因为那样手段会立刻变成目的(例如这种情况我们在政治家当中就可以看到),并且手段的价值会成为绝对价值。于是实用性就超乎真、美和自由之上,统治着主妇的天堂,她正是从这种前景出发展望整个世界的。也正是因为如此,她才采纳了亚里士多德的中庸至上,亦即平庸的道德观。人们怎么可以期望她表现得大胆、热情、无私和崇高呢? 这些品质只有在自由人奋勇地穿过开放的未来、远远地超越了一切既定现实时才可以出现。女人被关在厨房或闺房里,人们对她的视野之狭窄表示惊讶。她的双翼已被剪掉,人们却在叹息她不会飞翔。让未来向她开放吧,那样她将不会再被迫徘徊于现在。” Thank you!

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