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SOS ppt

这是SOS ppt,包括了What does “SOS” mean?Various Accidents,Listening,Retelling,Explanation,可以表示“变成”的一些动词,What can you see等内容,欢迎点击下载。

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Lesson 75 SOS What does “SOS” mean? Save Our Souls / Save Our Ships 这三个字母组合没有任何实际意义,只是因为它的电码 ...---...(三个圆点,三个破折号,然后再加三个圆点)在电报中是发报方最容易发出,接报方最容易辨识的电码。 SOS第一次被采用在1905年4月1日,由德国政府规定于无线电的管理条例。并于1906年11月3日成为国际标准(之前使用CQD求救信号,但并未成为标准)。在1908年7月1日后被广泛采用。 Listening When and where did the plane crash and what happened to the pilot? What happened to the passengers? How did the woman and her baby daughters spend the night? How did the woman get help early next morning? Reading Question relay Retelling plane – off course – crashed – pilot passengers – woman – two – unhurt winter and snow – thick – ground woman knew – village – miles away dark – suitcase – children – covered during – night – cold as near as – even tried – too small morning – planes – wondered – signal idea – stamped – SOS – snow pilot saw – message – not long - rescue Explanation 1、When a light passenger plane flew off course some time ago, it crashed in the mountains and its pilot was killed. off course 脱离轨道 fly off course 飞行偏离航线 During the storm, the ship went off course. 2. kill v. 杀(仅表示死了,不一定是人为的杀死,有可能是火灾等) Fire in Tokyo. Five people killed. Ten persons injured.(受伤) murder v. 谋杀(故意杀死) 3. Baby daughters 合成词加复数 Armchairs , babysitters, flyovers, hand signals Passers-by, mothers-in-law, commanders-in-chief Men friends, women doctors, gentlemen farmers 4. It was the middle of winter. middle of winter 隆冬 middle of summer 盛夏 We landed at the town in the middle of a torrential storm. the middle of the day=noon the middle of the 1960s Snow lay thick on the ground. The woman knew that the nearest village was miles away. 5.lay 是系动词,thick是形容词作表语,表示主语的状态或性质。老人病怏怏的躺着。 The old man lies ill. 6. miles away 几英里之外邮局在五百米以外。 The post office is five hundred meters away. 7. thick 反义词: thin 1)adj. 厚的一层厚厚的油漆 a thick coat of paint 2)<毛发等>浓密的,稠密的; <树木等> 茂密的浓密的头发 [眉毛] thick hair [eyebrows] 茂密的森林 a thick forest 3)adj. 浓的,深的; <雨、雪等> 大的浓雾 a thick fog 一片漆黑 thick darkness 4)adv. 厚,浓别把奶油涂得太厚 Don't spread the butter too thick. 8. The woman knew that the nearest village was miles away. miles away 几英里之外(距离的表达方式) 9. When it grew dark, she turned a suitcase into a bed and put the children inside it, covering them with all the clothes she could find. turn…into… = change sth. into … 把……变成…… 10. The woman kept as near as she could to the children and even tried to get into the case herself, but it was too small. as…as sb. can/could = as…as possible 尽可能的…… He got through as much food as he could and set out. Tell Jim to come to my office as soon as he can. near to = close to 几个关于as…as…的常见句型: as…as possible/can 尽可能的 as…as usual/before 像以前一样…… as long as 和……一样长;只要 as far as 远至;就……而论,据…… as well as 和……一样好 11. Early next morning, she heard planes passing overhead and wondered how she could send a signal. hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事 overhead adv. 从头顶 wonder = want to know 12. Then she had an idea. She stamped out the letters 'SOS' in the snow. stamp out 踩出 out 在这里为副词,表示“出现,显露”等 The writer has brought out another book. He wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden. SOS = Save Our Souls 国际通用的呼救信号 13. It was not long before a helicopter arrived on the scene to rescue the survivors of the plane crash. long before = long long ago 很久以前 It was not long before + 从句 不久就……(指过去) It was not long before he went abroad. It was not long before I finished my homework. It will not be long before… 不久就……(将来可能发生的事) It will not be long before he gets over his illness. before long 不久以后(一般将来时,从现在算不久以后会怎么样) Before long, he will go abroad. shortly before ……之前不久 shortly after ……之后立即 on the scene 在现场(固定短语) 14. survivor n. 幸存者(指人) 同根词: survival n. 幸存,残存物 survive v. 生存;存活下来我学过如何生活,但是现在我知道了如何生存。 I have learnt how to live, but now I know how to survive. 我在那场大火中幸存了下来。 I survived after the fire. survive + sth.(灾难) 经过某种灾难还存在,还活着这房子在地震后仍然存在。 The house survived the earthquake. 可以表示“变成”的一些动词 grow,turn,go,get,come,fall 等动词均有“变成”的意思,但它们在用法上有时有差别。 grow 表示“(逐渐)变得”,比get要正式些: grow dark(变黑) grow = get slowly慢慢变得他已经变胖了。 He has grown fat. 他变得喜欢学数学了。 He has grown to like studying mathematics. turn表示“把(状态、性质)改变(成)……”或“使变颜色”等秋天叶子会变黄。 Leaves will turn yellow in autumn. 一群蜜蜂把发动机当作了蜂巢。 A colony of bees had turned the engine into a hive. 他的脸变红了 His face turned red. go表示“变成(某种状态)”,通常表示不好的变化:一些食物很容易变坏。 Some foods go bad easily. 牛奶变酸了。 The milk went sour. get 在口语中使用较多,表示“成为(某种状态)”,强调的是变化的过程(一下子变得)。天气变化, 一般用get get cold(变冷) 最近情况变得如此糟糕,以至于他决定节食。 Things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. come可表示“变成,成为,达到”等,与true连用时表示“实现” 她游过海峡的梦想实现了。 Her dream to swim across the channel has come true. fall 可表示“变成……的状态” fall + asleep/ill 坠落梦乡/病倒了当我跟你说话的时候,你睡着了。 You fell asleep while I was talking to you. 他上周生病了,所以他没能参加你的婚礼。 He fell ill last week, so he didn’t come to your wedding. Grammar -宾语补足语 感官动词: feel,find,hear,notice,observe,see,watch, etc. +现在分词 He saw her working in the garden. +不带to的不定式 He saw her enter the room. 使役动词: get,have,keep,leave,send,set , etc. +现在分词 I can’t get the car starting. +不定式 I can’t get him to stop smoking. What can you see? Snow lay thick on the ground. When it grew dark, she turned a suitcase into a bed and put the children inside it, covering them with all the clothes she could find. During the night, it got terribly cold. Questions: Suppose you are on the wild island alone, how could get help with any assistance? Do you know why people use “SOS” for calling help?

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